Animal stain: To remove stains such as blood, perspiration, soak in cold water. Wash, put into lukewarm water and boil. Then, bleach in the sun.
Vegetable stains: To remove stains such as tea, coffee, fruit which is still wet, put the stained part of the article over a basin or soup plate and pour boiling water. Try rubbing borax on the stain if necessary. For a firmly fixed stain, use a little chloride of lime, being careful not to burn the material. Dissolve 30g chloride of lime in 300 ml. cold water.
Mineral stains: Stains such as ink, iron and rust can be removed by using sour milk, juice of a lemon, a green tomato or vinegar. If unsuccessful use salts of lemon, which needs care as it is poisonous. Dissolve 1 teaspoon if salts of lemon in 1/2 cup of boiling water and apply to stain with a small stick, dipped in the liquid. Ammonia may also be tried.
Cocoa stains: Soak the article in a quart of hot water to which has been added a tablespoon of borax. Leave for 1 hour.
Coffee stains: Cover the article with glycerine and leave for 1 hour. Then rinse in warm water.
Grease: Use benzine, ammonia or petrol. eucalyptus oil is very good for removing stains from silk and delicate fabrics. Put a piece of old towel under the stain. Rub in the cleaning agent with another clean cloth till stained part is clean and dry. Always change to a clean place on both cloths as they become soiled.
Marking ink: While wet wash in cold water, but if the ink is dry soak in chloride of lime solution and then in ammonia. For ink, remove with methylated spirit or milk.
Wine stains: these can be removed from light silk by placing over the spots pads of cotton soaked in cold water. Do not rub the marks as this will spread it. If it is persistent, sprinkle on a little salt and continue with moistened cotton pads. dry with a warm iron.
Mildew: Rub over with soap and then cover with chalk. Put on soap and chalk from time to time. This stain is difficult to remove but with patience it will come out. Another method is to damp stain with lemon juice, sprinkle with salt and leave for some days.
If the mildew is on a large surface: Melt 2 teaspoons of salt of lemon in 600 ml of boiling water in a small basin. Dip the affected parts only in the water till stain disappears. As salts of lemon is a deadly poison you must use it carefully.
Paint: Use turpentine, rubbing with a circular movement towards the center of the stain.
Tea stain: Wet and cover thickly with yellow soap. Set aside for about 1/2 hour, then wash in the ordinary way. Another way is to damp and cover with carbonate of soda and place in the sun for a short while before rinsing it.